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Chinchilla short-tailed

Refers to rodents from the chinchilla family. In nature, it lives in the highlands of South America, in the Andes, as well as Peru and Bolivia. Due to the hunt for valuable and expensive fur, the chinchilla is on the verge of extinction. The short-tailed chinchilla is adapted to life in unfavorable conditions of a cold and dry climate.

Appearance

In size, the short-tailed chinchilla belongs to small rodents. Its body length does not exceed 35-38 cm, and its weight ranges from 500-800 grams. The animal has strong hind legs. They are longer than the front ones, which allows him to jump and climb mountain paths well. The hind legs have hard hair fibers, which allows the chinchilla to use them as a comb for a fur coat. The short-tailed chinchilla has a thick neck and shoulders and a short tail. The ears are long with rounded ends. Males of these rodents are smaller than females. The life span of the animals is approximately 10 years.

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Breeding

Representatives of this breed of fur-bearing animals are not easy to breed. They are demanding on the conditions of detention.

The room for their maintenance must be dry, light and clean. These animals prefer moderate temperatures, not exceeding + 21 ° C in summer and not lower than + 12 ° C in winter.

The room should be free of drafts and dampness. With high humidity, their skin will not have its own quality features. They don't like direct sunlight.

If at least one of these parameters is violated, the animals may stop reproducing.

Chinchillas are best kept in metal cages with a density of 1 animal per 1 sq. m. They are very mobile and require a lot of space.
Each cage should have a drinker, a feeder and a sand bath for bathing. They love to take sand baths, thus cleansing their coat of excess moisture and dead hairs. They shed year-round. The sand needs to be changed as it gets dirty.

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Value

The value of chinchilla fur is in its beauty, softness and density. The skin of the animal has a wool length of 2.5-3 cm, and the hair density is 25 thousand per 1 cm. Sq. The fur is thinner and softer than that of the Arctic fox. It has only one drawback - it does not have a water-repellent ability. Despite this, chinchilla fur coats are considered the height of sophistication.

Winter fur is of particular value. It is much more curvaceous and denser. With artificial breeding of chinchillas, they are used for fur at 10 months of age in the winter.

The fur can have several shades of gray. It is a light shade, medium and dark. The most valuable color is dark velvet.

Chinchilla hairs have pronounced pigmentation. Therefore, in the light, the fur shimmers in various shades.

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